A common consequence for people who have a stroke is a reduction in their arm function. Various approaches are available to try to help and, in September 2018, the Cochrane Review for one of these, electromechanical and robot‐assisted arm training, was updated by a team of researchers from Germany. We asked lead author, Jan Mehrholz from Dresden Medical School, to tell us about the latest findings in this podcast.
Omega-3 fatty acid addition during pregnancy23 Nov 2018
Omega-3 fats are the subject of more than two dozen Cochrane Reviews for conditions including cardiovascular health, dementia and gastrointestinal problems. In November 2018, the review on the effects on preterm birth when these are taken by pregnant women was updated. The review was led by Associate Professor Philippa Middleton and Professor Maria Makrides, from the Healthy Mothers Babies and Children theme at the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute. Professor Makrides tells us about the latest evidence.
It is widely recognised that more emphasis needs to be given to the role of the patient in making decisions about their health care. But what are the best ways to make this happen? Some of the answers are in the July 2018 update of a Cochrane Review on shared decision making and we asked the lead author, France Légaré from Université Laval in Québec Canada, to tell us why this is important and what they found.
Evidence Aid, an organisation dedicated to improving the use of evidence in humanitarian crises, highlights information from Cochrane and other systematic reviews of particular relevance to those involved in humanitarian assistance and, in July 2018, these were added to by a report on psychological therapies for the treatment of mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries. We asked one of the authors, Marianna Purgato from the University of Verona in Italy, to tell us about this new Cochrane Review.
There are more than 20 Cochrane Reviews of interventions that might be used in the care of children with autism spectrum disorder. In July 2018, these were added to with an assessment of the accuracy of tests for this condition. Senior author, Katrina Williams from the Department of Paediatrics at the University of Melbourne in Australia, tells us what they found in this podcast.
Patients who require general anaesthesia or ventilation to help them breathe while in intensive care, need a clear airway. This is usually achieved by inserting a tube to help air reach their lungs and a new Cochrane Review from May 2018 examines the evidence for different tests to help doctors assess how difficult this might be for patients with no immediately obvious problems with their breathing. We asked one of the authors, Jasmin Arrich from the Medical University of Vienna in Austria, to tell us what they found.
Most Cochrane Reviews look at the effects of interventions on health, but a growing number are providing g evidence on the accuracy of different ways of diagnosing a disease. These were added to in August 2018 by a new review on a test used in the management of tuberculosis. The review’s first author, Mikashmi Kohli from McGill University in Montreal Canada, sets the scene and tells us what they found in this podcast.
Acute otitis media is a common infection in children, with research showing that up to four in every five children in high-income countries will have at least one episode by the age of three. Influenza vaccines have been suggested as a way to prevent this, and an updated Cochrane Review from October 2017 looks at the latest evidence. Here’s the review’s lead author, Norhayati from the Universiti Sains Malaysia in Kubang Kerian, Malaysia, to tell us more.
Venous leg ulcers are the most common type of lower leg wound, affecting up to three people in every 1000 in some studies. Gill Norman from the University of Manchester in the UK, and colleagues, looked at the trials of dressings and topical agents in a new Cochrane Review in June 2018, and we asked Gill to outline their findings in this podcast.
Cystic fibrosis is a common inherited condition, particularly affecting people from a northern European background. It's caused by various mutations of the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator gene, shortened to "CFTR". A new Cochrane Review from August 2018 examines a class of drug that aims to correct the basic defect for people with CF with a specific mutation, and we asked lead author, Kevin Southern from the University of Liverpool in the UK, to tell us what they found.
There are concerns across the world about the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes, increasing the importance of evidence for effective ways to prevent this condition. In a December 2017 update to the Cochrane Review, Bianca Hemmingsen from Herlev University Hospital in Denmark and colleagues have summarized the latest evidence on the effects of diet and physical activity for people with intermediate hyperglycaemia or prediabetes. We asked Bianca to tell us what they found in this podcast.
The Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group specialises in reviews that assess, among other things, ways to reduce hazardous or harmful drinking of alcohol. One of these reviews looks at the evidence on practitioner-delivered brief interventions and we asked one of the authors, Fiona Beyer from Newcastle University in the UK to tell us about the findings from the update in February 2018.
As you can imagine, placing a breathing tube into a newborn baby is a particularly challenging task, and research has been done into different ways to do this. In May 2018, Mohan Pammi and Krithika Lingappan from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston in the USA updated the Cochrane review on comparing videolaryngoscopy to the traditional direct laryngoscopy approach and they describe the latest findings in this podcast, starting with Mohan.
The Cochrane Gynaecology and Fertility Group has prepared more than 200 reviews and in May 2018, a team from Germany, The Netherlands and New Zealand updated one of these reviews, looking at the use of letrozole for subfertile women with anovulatory polycystic ovary syndrome. Lead author, Sebastian Franik from the University of Münster in Germany describes the latest findings in this podcast.
Urinary incontinence is a distressing condition for which there are a variety of treatment options. June Cody from the Cochrane Incontinence Group and colleagues have investigated the effects of a particular type of surgery. They updated the review's findings on the effects of the operations in 2015, and published an extension in July 2017, to include more on the economic aspects. Here's June to tell us about the evidence on the clinical effects.
A variety of approaches have been suggested for reducing muscle soreness after exercise, one of which is to use antioxidant supplements. A new Cochrane Review from December 2017 brought together the evidence from the relevant research and lead author, Mayur Ranchordas from Sheffield Hallam University in the UK, tells us what they found in this podcast.
Reminiscence therapy for dementia4 Jun 2018
Coping with the increasing number of people with dementia is likely to be one of the major challenges for health systems globally in coming years and decades. There are several Cochrane Reviews of ways to treat or alleviate this condition and an updated review in March 2018 looks at the evidence for reminiscence therapy. We asked lead author, Bob Woods from Bangor University in Wales, to summarise the findings in this podcast.
Many people vomit or feel nauseous after surgery, and it’s important to find effective ways to ease these unpleasant symptoms. One of the updated Cochrane Reviews in March 2018 looks at the effect of aromatherapy and we asked Sonia Hines from the Queensland Centre for Evidence‐Based Nursing & Midwifery in Australia to tell us more about the latest results.
Selenium for preventing cancer25 May 2018
More than half a dozen Cochrane Reviews have been done in various areas of health, to examine the evidence on the potential benefits of Selenium, a naturally occurring element with both nutritional and toxicological properties. The review looking at its possible role in the prevention of cancer was updated in January 2018 and one of the authors, Maree Brinkman from the Nutrition Biomed Research Institute in Melbourne in Australia. gives us the latest findings in this podcast.
The Cochrane Pain, Palliative and Supportive Care Group has been producing Cochrane Reviews for more than 20 years, including dozens covering a wide range of therapies for pain. In April 2018, their review of brain stimulation for chronic pain was updated and lead author Neil E O'Connell from Brunel University London in the UK tells us about the latest evidence in this podcast.
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