Jo Gibson is a Clinical Physiotherapy Specialist at the Liverpool Upper Limb Unit based at the Royal Liverpool Hospital, UK. She lectures both nationally and internationally about rehabilitation of the shoulder. Her research interests are shoulder instability and motor learning. Jo is currently Squad Physiotherapist for the Great Britain Endurance riding Team.
Dr. Jeremy Lewis is a Consultant Physiotherapist and Professor of Musculoskeletal Research (University of Limerick, Ireland). Originally born in New Zealand, he trained in Australia before moving to England where he now works in both the Public (NHS) and Private sectors. Dr. Lewis has distinguished himself and become a globally respected voice in the area complex shoulder issues in both clinical and research capacities. This podcast has been adapted from one originally published by our friends FXNL Media (www.fxnl.com - where you can find the full version). Dr. Lewis shares his thoughts with the listeners on; • Shoulder Impingement • Rotator Cuff tears • Shoulder special tests and why they aren't that special • Shoulder Surgery • Shoulder Symptom Modification Procedures and how they help treat patients • What mistakes we commonly make when treating shoulder pain For extra podcast resources on shoulder issues in SEM, check out; • Practical Clinical Shoulder Pearls with Adam Meakins - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/shoulder-focus-with-leading-sports-physiotherapist-adam-meakins-practical-clinical-pearls?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 • Prof McCormack on whether to operate on Shoulder Dislocations - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/shoulder-dislocation-to-operate-or-rehabilitate-prof-bob-mccormack-olympic-physician?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 • Scapular Summit with Ben Kibler - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/scapular-summit-2013?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 • 5 Clinical shoulder tips with Dr. Mark Hutchinson - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/five-clinical-tips-for?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 • Prof Jeremy Lewis on Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/prof-jeremy-lewis-rotator-cuff?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 • Shoulder Injuries with Ann Cools - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/shoulder-injuries-with-ann?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 • The Shoulder in Sport with Ben Kibler - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/the-shoulder-in-sport-with-ben?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1
• Clinical assessment of the Tennis Shoulder with Ben Kibler - https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/dr-ben-kibler-examination-and-diagnosis-of-the-tennis-player-part-one?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1
Assistant Professor Dr Fiona Wilson is a Chartered Physiotherapist in the discipline of Physiotherapy, Trinity College, Ireland. She has over 25 years of clinical experience in the UK, South Africa and Ireland. She has worked with elite and international athletes throughout her career and was Lead Physiotherapist for Rowing Ireland for 10 years. Her research has focused on sport and exercise medicine with a special focus on rowing and back pain and recently in rugby and concussion. She is editorial board member for BJSM and was awarded the prestigious Cochrane Fellowship in 2012. In this podcast Dr Wilson shares wisdom on topics such as: • Managing back pain in the mature rower • 3 common pitfalls / stroke issues to assess • How to assess the rowing athlete • How rowers monitor load / or not • How you can use technology and apps to monitor rowers • How to apply lessons from rowing to managing back pain in all sports and among the general public • Debate on stability and mobility – are planks associated with increased incidence of back pain? 3 previous BJSM podcasts on back pain in sport include the very popular: • Tiger Woods – soon after his 2014 spinal surgery, @PeteOSullivanPT (Prof Peter O’Sullivan) feared for the worst. Was surgery a good idea? Remember this conversation predated Tiger Woods’ plunging down the world ranking. https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/professor-peter-osullivan-peteosullivanpt-on-tiger-woods-back-and-core-strength • Tiger Woods – 2015 update. With @PeteOSullivanPT after a 2nd operation a year later. How helpful is the postoperative MRI scan? https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/test
• Dr Kieran O’Sullivan (no relation to Peter above) shares 7 habits of highly effective clinicians who manage back pain. It’s had 23K listens! https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/dr-kieran-osullivan-on-managing-back-pain-7-habits-of-highly-effective-clinicians-part-2-2016
Struggling with swimmers and their shoulders? It’s something we clinicians struggle with, and have been for a long time. Today we’re gonna take this head on, how we can move the model from external impingement to anterior superior internal impingement (ASII). We are joined on this BJSM podcast with Andrew Delbridge and Craig Boetcher from Australia. Craig completed his PhD through Sydney University examining shoulder EMG back in 2010. He’s been the physiotherapist for the Australian swim team for the last 8 years, and offers a unique perspective to this issue, having been an elite swimmer himself. Craig is currently supervising Kylie Holt who is completing her PhD on Shoulder pain and pathology in elite swimmers. Kylie is a senior sport physio at the Australian institute of sport, and has been looking after the swimming programme since 2009. Our second guest is Andrew Delbridge, who has been working with Craig at Regent St Physiotherapy for the last 17 years. Andrew has been working in elite sport with throwing athletes, and has found a fresh way of looking at the swimmer’s shoulder. 1:25 What is swimmer’s shoulder? External impingement model from the 70s outdated 2:00 Difference between primary and secondary impingement 3:40 We’ve got swimmer’s shoulder wrong. Andrew explains some of the reasons. 5:10 Spoiler alert - you guessed it, its internal impingement. ASII- Anterior superior internal impingement 6:00 Clinical background that initially drove the reason for the new ASII approach 8:20 What can baseball teach us about swimming? The loads don’t make sense! Buhrkart influenced throwing shoulder which led to applying that in swimmers 9:25 3 questions to understand the swimmer’s shoulder: 1) What is the unique position for swimmers in their stroke, 2) what is the anatomical relations in that position, 3) can we reconcile pathology we see? 10:00 Unique position for the demands of swimming - elevation and internal rotation while in large amount of elevation 10:30 Literature also looks at this position (classic Hawkins & Kennedy) investigating the anatomy in this position. 11:30 Position vs load - which causes the pain? It’s mix of tensile and compressive load 12:00 ASSI explained Swimmers are super overhead workers 13:15 The data are building, but it’s still early. 60 swimmers included in large MRI study 15:00 Does this only apply to elite swimmers? No. 16:25 Key differences in ASII model: Internal not external, tendinopathy (anterior or posterior). Mix loading (compressive load in ASII) which might apply to the whole cuff, Broad term of swimmer’s shoulder to vague, sub-classification needed to differentiate treatment 18:15 3 practical tips for the clinician: 1) Shift in thinking, apply your tendinopathy theory 2) Use dynamometry to assess cuff health
3) Monitor training load.
Joining us for this BJSM podcast is the vastly experienced, Dr Roger Hawkes. We chat to him about a wide range of issues, from his role as CMO to the European Golf Tour - where he has built an incredible service, and provided incredible quality of care to the world’s best golfers – to common golfing injuries, and how to assess them. We also touch on the innovative work being done that is looking into the health benefits of golf, and the challenges of working in such a dynamic, and multi-disciplinary environment. So if you want to get better at assessing & managing the golfers that walk through your clinic door, or want to know more about the benefits of golf (so you can further justify next weekend’s round), look no further! Extra Resources Andrew Murray Golf & Health podcast: https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/andrew-murray-1 ETPI twitter account: https://twitter.com/ETPI_Physiounit Golf & Health Infographic: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/51/1/20 The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/51/1/12 Pictorial review of wrist injuries in the elite golfer: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/50/17/1053 Hip morphology in elite golfers: asymmetry between lead and trail hips: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/50/17/1081
The prevalence, variety and impact of wrist problems in elite professional golfers on the European Tour: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/47/17/1075
Are you confused about healthy nutrition, the role of insulin, this concept of ‘insulin resistance’? Can one largely ignore a macronutrient (i.e. carbohydrates) and not drop dead within a few days? Karim Khan, the Editor in Chief of the BJSM vouches for this podcast personally and describes Dr Hallberg as one of the people that has most influenced his understanding of a key medical concept. In addition to Dr Hallberg’s popular (nearing 2 million views!) TEDx talk https://youtu.be/da1vvigy5tQ Here are her further credentials. https://www.virtahealth.com/about/hallberg When Dr Hallberg refers to blood glucose being ‘100’ she is referring to the US convention – using mg/dL which is 5.6 mmol/L in many countries (Europe, UK, Australia, Canada etc.) Highlights include: Dr Hallberg has great training for exercise prescription from her undergraduate and Master’s degrees in Kinesiology. She’s a medical doctor who runs a clinic for obese patients – that’s a better place to speak from than a lot of theorists in the field. Dr. Sarah Hallberg is the Medical Director at Virta Health, a specialty medical clinic that reverses type 2 diabetes safely and sustainably, without the risks, costs, or side effects of medications or surgery. As a physician and exercise physiologist with a passion for helping people be healthy through diet and exercise, she is responsible for providing medical supervision to Virta’s expert team of physicians and oversees the clinical strategy for Virta Clinic participants. Dr. Hallberg is also the executive director of The Nutrition Coalition, a nonprofit organization that aims to educate the public and policymakers about the need to strengthen national nutrition policy so that it is founded upon a comprehensive body of science. Link to Dr Hallberg’s paper: Recent trial she refers to: http://diabetes.jmir.org/2017/1/e5/ A Novel Intervention Including Individualized Nutritional Recommendations Reduces Hemoglobin A1c Level, Medication Use, and Weight in Type 2 Diabetes Link to other podcasts on BJSM relating to this topic: Professor Timothy Noakes: “High-fat for health” (11k listens) https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/high-fat-for-health Professor Stephen Phinney “Science behind lo-carb for performance” (9K listens) https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/prof-stephen-phinney-on-the-science-behind-low-carb-diets-for-athletes-a-rational-approach Professor Jason Fung: “Diet and obesity and diabetes” (6K listens) https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/dr-jason-fung-on-the-impact-of-diet-on-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
Link to Dr Hallberg’s nearly 2 million view TEDx talk: “Reversing Type 2 diabetes starts with ignoring the guidelines” https://youtu.be/da1vvigy5tQ
Whilst at the 2017 IOC Prevention of Injury & Illness Conference, BJSM’s Liam West spoke to a key figure within the concussion research world, Associate Professor Kathryn Schneider. Kathryn is a Clinical Specialist in Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy working at the Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre located at the University of Calgary, Canada. She was the lead author in the landmark RCT look at cervicovestibular rehabilitation in sport-related concussion in 2014 (link below). Her most recent research is discussed in this podcast and formed part of the discussion in the 2016 Berlin Concussion in Sport Meeting. Cervicovestibular rehabilitation in sport-related concussion: a randomised controlled trial (2014) http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/48/17/1294.long Rest and treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion: a systematic review (2017) http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2017/03/24/bjsports-2016-097475 What strategies can be used to effectively reduce the risk of concussion in sport? (2017) http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2017/03/01/bjsports-2016-097452 Remember to check out the literature on the new Sports Concussion Assessment Tool (SCAT5) here: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2017/04/28/bjsports-2017-097699
The new tool can be found here: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2017/04/28/bjsports-2017-097506SCAT5
Ahead of the Finnish Sports Physiotherapy Congress (June 9 and 10, 2017), BJSM editor in chief Karim Khan, chats with the senior author of a study that proved that partial removal of a degenerative torn meniscus does not alleviate mechanical symptoms when compared with sham surgery. That was Teppo Järvinen (http://bit.ly/2rlfW5I), professor of orthopaedics and traumatology at the University of Helsinki and a speaker at the Finnish Congress in June. Before that study (link below), orthopaedists were confident of the benefits of arthroscopic surgery on patients suffering from mechanical symptoms. However, “scientific proof of the benefits had been based entirely on uncontrolled follow-up studies,” said Dr Raine Sihvonen, specialist in orthopaedics at the Hatanpää Hospital in Tampere and first author of the study. Here is the link to the study in the New England Journal of Medicine: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1305189#t=article In the podcast we cover: - A bird’s eye view of Bruce Moseley’s seminal sham surgery study – arthroscopy was no more helpful for knee arthroscopy in older people than sham surgery http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa013259#t=article - The fact that MRI is not a good predictor of who will benefit from knee arthroscopy. Here’s Dr Martin Englund’s NEJM paper. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0800777#t=article - Ewa Roos’ and Nina Kise’s study showing that exercise provides as good results as arthroscopic meniscectomy. Remember – the patients who fail rehab also fail surgery. Look for other solutions – not arthroscopy – to cure that patient. http://www.bmj.com/content/354/bmj.i3740 Links: Here’s a YouTube video summarizing the FIDELITY study in 4 minutes. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RaDWkJHmEB0 Here the link to the Finnish Sports Physiotherapy Congress – June 9 & 10, 2017.
Doping mit Prof Dr Patrick Diel12 May 2017
Doping ist immer ein heisses Thema, besonders in Jahren der Olympischen und Paralympischen Spiele. Dr Markus Laupheimer (London/Zürich) stellt die Fragen in deutscher Sprache an Prof. Dr. Patrick Diel. Patrick ist Professor an der Deutschen Sporthochschule Köln am Institut für Kreislaufforschung und Sportmedizin, Abteilung Molekulare und Zelluläre Sportmedizin. Er hat ein spezielles Interesse an präventiver Dopingforschung und beantwortet uns einige interessante Fragen: - Was ist Doping? - Wo liegen die Nutzen und Risiken von Nahrungsergänzungsmitteln? - Was ist Gen-Doping? - Was ist eine Medizinisch Therapeutische Ausnahmegenehmigung (TUE)? - Wie können wir unsere Athleten vor Doping schützen? Weitere Informationen zum Thema Doping findet Ihr unter: https://www.nada.de/de/nationale-anti-doping-agentur-deutschland/ http://www.doping-prevention.com/ https://www.dshs-koeln.de/visitenkarte/einrichtung/zepraedo/
Für weiter englischsprachige und deutschsprachige Inhalte folgen Sie uns gerne auf Twitter @BJSM_BMJ
Britain's leading anti-sugar campaigner and one of the most prolific doctors in the world influencing obesity thinking and highlighting the harms of too much medicine. In addition to being a Consultant Cardiologist, Dr Malhotra is a member of the board of trustees of UK health think tank, The King’s Fund and a member of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges Choosing Wisely Steering Group Here’s the link to his website: http://doctoraseem.com/biography/ Topics covered include: No association of saturated fats and heart disease in primary or secondary prevention studies. Focus on sugar - • CVD mortality has come via reduction in smoking & trans fats with better acute AMI management. • Statins have a number needed to treat of 1 in 83 for mortality in secondary prevention in men • Stents save lives during heart attacks but not for 'stable' coronary disease • PREDIMED and Lyon heart study • Cholesterol is not the mechanism of action of how diet studies work • Practical explanation-of frying vegetable oils and dangerous omega 6 (high omega 6 to omega 3 is bad) • Butter and coconut oils have saturated fatty acids and are stable in cooking. • Criticism from the Centre for evidence based medicine (Oxford). Here is the editorial (Free) in BJSM:
What is rhabdomyolysis? Can it sneak under a clincian’s radar? What the key clinical features? When to be alert for rhabdomyolysis Problems when coaches are too aggressive with a new load Two cases – clinical scenarios When sickle cell trait complicates matters Which athlete with sickle cell trait is at increased risk? Can clinicians identify the athlete with sickle cell trait who is at risk of death? To screen or not to screen. Ethics and science. Who is ready to return to play? Who is at risk of recurrence? It applies to athletes and war fighters. Role of genetics – the genetic markers that clinicians can test for in a tertiary care centre Links to a previous podcast by Fran O’Connor – Exertional leg pain http://ow.ly/j9IU30bs1oe Links to papers: Sickle Cell paper in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=harmon+and+Med+Sci+Sports+Exerc Pathophysiology of exertional death associated with sickle cell trait: can we make a parallel with vaso-occlusion mechanisms in sickle cell disease? Connes P, Harmon KG, Bergeron MF. http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/47/4/190.long Sickle cell trait associated with a RR of death of 37 times in National Collegiate Athletic Association football athletes: a database with 2 million athlete-years as the denominator. Harmon KG, Drezner JA, Klossner D, Asif IM. http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/46/5/325.long To screen or not to screen for sickle cell trait in American football? Harmon KG, Drezner JA, Casa DJ. http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/46/3/158.long Return to Physical Activity After Exertional Rhabdomyolysis O'Connor FG; Brennan FH, et al.
Dr Jonathan Finnoff, DO, is the Medical Director for Mayo Clinic Square, Sports Medicine Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota. He is a specialist in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine. He benefits from his experience as a former professional athlete in his work as the Team Physician for professional basketball teams -- the Minnesota Timberwolves and Lynx. Dr Finnoff addresses the case of a 24 year old basketball player who has calf pain that stops her from playing but responds relatively quickly when she stops running. Timeline • The differential diagnoses include chronic exertional compartment syndrome, vascular problems such as popliteal artery entrapment, as well as neurological causes • Physical examination is critical and there are some key tests to distinguish those different pathologies • The role of investigations including imaging • How does one make the compartment pressure diagnosis? • Treatment for chronic exertional compartment syndrome including gait retraining • More aggressive treatment including use of the meniscotome, botox injection and surgery • Outcomes of treatment including botox and surgery Link to previous podcasts: This podcast is complemented by one with Professor Francis O’Connor: https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/professor-francis-oconnor-from-the-amssm-challenging-leg-paincalf-pain-and-military-injuries?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 Andy Franklin-Miller’s BJSM podcast on exertional compartment syndrome and gait retraining: https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/running-injuries-with-andy Andy Cornelius on how to assess a runner and what to do when you see abnormalities:
BJSM’s good friend Fran O’Connor is Director of Emergency Medicine and Sports Medicine at Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) in Bethesda, Maryland. He is a former President of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM, @theAMSSM). He also held leadership positions in the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Medical Athletic Association. He is a prolific researcher with more than 60 scientific journal publications, 25 book chapters and numerous national and international presentations. In the podcast he addresses the following questions: • What are the main challenges seen by clinicians who work in military settings? • What is the differential diagnosis to consider in the patient with calf pain, leg pain? • How does one make the compartment pressure diagnosis? • What are the challenges of measuring compartment syndrome? • What is the conservative management for compartment syndrome? (Prof O’Connor touches on gait retraining first and foremost, Pose running technique, botox injection) • Is there a role for surgery, and if so, which surgery? What are the outcomes? • What is the role of orthoses? Link to previous podcasts: This podcast is complemented by one with Dr Jonathan Finnoff: https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/mayo-clinic-and-amssm-sports-medicine-specialist-dr-jon-finnoff-on-managing-leg-pain-in-sport?in=bmjpodcasts/sets/bjsm-1 Andy Franklin-Miller’s BJSM podcast on exertional compartment syndrome and gait retraining: https://soundcloud.com/bmjpodcasts/running-injuries-with-andy Andy Cornelius on how to assess a runner and what to do when you see abnormalities:
How has football medicine changed in the past 10 years? What is its future? Mike Davison, managing director of Isokinetic Medical Group in London, one of the FIFA medical centers of excellence, gives us an excellent overview of football medicine: past, present and future. In this hard-hitting podcast we also preview the upcoming Isokinetic Conference in Barcelona, where representatives from over 88 countries are attending. Topics discussed in this podcast include: -Where has football medicine come from? What is the state of play now? -The challenges in managing re-injury and long-term rehab -Is there too much over medicine in sport? How has this come about? -What can we expect from the Isokinetic Conference? -Practical tips to break into the field for aspiring clinicians
For articles on this topic, visit http://bjsm.bmj.com/
The American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) has its Annual Meeting come up (May 8-13, 2017) so we celebrate with this podcast. Dr Devin McFadden (Sports Medicine Fellow, Washington D.C) is your host. He chats with Dr Bert Fields (Sports Medicine Physician, North Carolina), Dr Robert Oh (Sports medicine, Fort Benning, Georgia) and Dr Chad Asplund (Athletic Sports Medicine, Georgia Southern University) Topics discussed include: • Common mistakes made by amateur running athletes – training errors and hip abduction weakness get a mention • Is one type of exercise best for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease? The trade-off between health benefits and injury risk. • Non-MSK running injuries- which ones do we need to think about? • Biomechanics of running and types of shoes • Minimalist and barefoot running- evidence supporting a different running style? Link to JAMA study that mentioned the ‘weekend warrior’ promoting health: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=JAMA+internal+medicine+and+weekend+warriors and the BJSM editorial commenting on it (FREE this weekend!) http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/early/2017/02/23/bjsports-2017-097538 Link to BJSM paper suggesting you can’t run to your way to health weight http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/49/15/967.long (FREE) Link to 2016 BJSM paper where 1 in 13 runners had illness in the lead up to an event http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/50/15/939.long
Link to BJSM RED-S consensus statement: Relative Energy Deficiency (Sport) http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/48/7/491.long (FREE)
What is abuse and how does it manifest itself in sport? In this hard-hitting podcast, Karen Litzy hosts Dr Margo Mountjoy, IOC medical commission, FINA executive board member, and associate clinical professor at McMaster University. Dr Mountjoy explores the various types of harassment, how it can occur, and what safeguards can be put in place to help athletes report abuse. Highlights include: -What does it mean when we talk about abuse and harassment? -Youth sport and why we need to be especially careful in our younger athlete - Top tips to recognizing abuse: when is the athlete trying to tell us something? -Putting in safeguarding mechanisms to protect athletes and report abuse -The impact of social media in sport especially among “millennials” -Take home messages for working in practice Dr Mountjoy is a Senior Associate Editor at BJSM and here’s the link for her previous podcast about energy deficiency among sportspeople (RED-S) http://ow.ly/w6w430aBmKJ
Link to the open access (FREE) IOC consensus statement on non-accidental violence in sport: http://ow.ly/YzMd30aBmA2
In part 1 of two podcasts, Dr Ben Kibler, international shoulder authority, shares top tips on examination and diagnosis of the tennis player. (Part 2 will focus on baseball pitchers) Dr Ben Kibler, orthopaedic surgeon and medical director of Lexington Clinic in Kentucky is a world expert on management of shoulder injuries with a particular focus on the role of the scapula (scapular dyskinesis). He has held regular ‘scapular summit’ meetings of experts in his hometown of Lexington, Kentucky, USA. The most recent summary of that meeting can be read here: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/47/14/877 In this podcast, we discuss: • Briefly how Dr Kibler, a surgeon, learned about biomechanics • Examination of the tennis player’s shoulder including how to perform a biomechanical analysis • Simple tests to recognize abnormal asymmetry in the tennis player • Diagnosis of injury in tennis players; search for culprit (the real cause) – don’t just incriminate the victim • The rise in the double-handed backhand in tennis and how it has increased the incidence of ulnar wrist injuries • Role of communication within the multidisciplinary team: how much should the physician know about the biomechanics? • Two tests commonly used to assess shoulder function – the Scapular Assistance Test (SAT) and the Scapular Retraction Test (SRT).
Remember to keep an eye out for Part 2 – management of the overhead throwing athlete. You can meet with Dr Kibler in person at the AMSSM annual conference. May 9-13, 2017, San Diego. It’s a prime spot on the sports medicine calendar. https://www.amssm.org/Content/pdf%20files/BROCHURES/2017_Annual_Meeting.pdf
The Society of Sports Therapists was established in the UK in 1990 to address the growing demands from sport and leisure on everyone involved in the management and care of injured participants. In this 2nd podcast with BJSM, Professor Smith highlights hot topics such as: (i) readiness to return to play and how it differs from return to competition, (ii) training load and contribution of new data in the training-injury field. I summarise the program for the 2017 conference “From Pain to Performance” (May 20th, 2017) that features Peter Brukner, Bill Knowles, and Susan Alexander. The Society of Sports Therapists is one of 25 member societies that partners with BJSM: Links: Home page for the Society of Sport Therapists http://www.society-of-sports-therapists.org/index.php Where to study Sports Therapy (BSc Hons) http://www.society-of-sports-therapists.org/index.php/public/degree_courses_BSc Where to study Sports Therapy if you already have a relevant degree (MSc) http://www.society-of-sports-therapists.org/index.php/public/degree_courses_MSc Previous podcast: 2016
What are the odds? Understanding Risk and Uncertainty. Today we welcome Dr. Rod Whiteley for the first time ever to the BJSM podcast. Rod has done a bunch of work in shoulder injuries (measuring load and strength long before it got sexy). And the rumour is he’s still got a pretty good curve ball. A clinician for well over 20 years, He is the current assistant director of the Rehab department here at Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, and he has also contributed heavily in the area of hamstring rehabilitation and groin injuries. Look out for him on twitter @RodWhiteley, where’s he’s happy to be unpopular to point out the obvious. Rod is a clinical researcher, interested in how practitioners can understand statistics better, and integrate that in their daily practice. In this podcast, Rod and I talk about how we understand risk, in particular percentages and odds. And no, they’re not the same thing. 2:45 The difference between odds, ratios, and percentages. 3:20 An example: ACL and hamstring injuries as an example, looking at the base rate for how often these injuries happen (ACL infrequently, and hamstrings quite frequent), and then adding a likelihood ratio and how does that change the odds. 5:20 Chad Cook and Erik Hegedus really turned our ideas around interpreting risk around. Clinicians need to understand pre- and post-test odds. Find the related articles here (http://bmj.co/2m65v43) and in the links below. 6:30 Mladen Jovanovic (@Physical_Prep) - heuristics and uncertainty, published recently here (http://bmj.co/2nrRUUX) in the Aspetar journal. We have to get more comfortable with the uncertainty of these tests. 7:46 Understand base rates, and using tests that have large likelihood ratios in our clinical assessment. Pre-test odds will influence how you interpret your clinical test, which then changes your post-test odds. 10:14 Can we do the same for prevention, and identifying risk? IOC world conference prevention of injury and illness in sport (http://bmj.co/2m64AR8) in Monaco will focus this year on the value of screening. Screening allows us to identify modifiers and change potential interventions at a group level. 10:31 The importance of population level studies, looking for associations with subsequent injury. Screening is useful for injury prevention. “But if you’re doing a test to tell someone they are or aren’t gonna get injuried, you’re gonna make a monkey of yourself in open court pretty quickly.” 12:27 WHO report on risk of cancer risk associated with eating bacon/processed meat. If we ignore the base rate, we might be fooled by the actual change in risk. And then you still need to interpret that for the individual. 14:00 Absolute vs Relative risk, and what is the actual event happening. We don’t think of delayed onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) and sudden cardiac death the same. 14:15 Two players with the same risk of injury, but totally different interpretation of their result. 15:12 Predicting vs Forecasting - “An experiment that only happens once.” You only get one season and and you either get an injury or you don’t. We have to be more comfortable with that kind of uncertainty. 16:35 Predicting return to play with clinical outcome measures. 18:30 How do we interpret and incorporate percentages and odds into our clinical setting. Links: IOC world conference prevention injury and illness in sport (http://bmj.co/2m64AR8) Available for FREE from BJSM (http://bjsm.bmj.com/) Which physical examination tests provide clinicians with the most value when examining the shoulder? Update of a systematic review with meta-analysis of individual tests (http://bmj.co/2mwMP90)
A combination of initial and follow-up physiotherapist examination predicts physician-determined time to return to play after hamstring injury, with no added value of MRI (http://bmj.co/2mx0r3Z)
Screening is one of the hottest topics in Sports Medicine, and a topic which is constantly evolving. The BJSM has provided a platform for much of the academic literature concerning screening, but what actually happens at the coalface? In part one of this special podcast with Arsenal FC giants Colin Lewin, and Dr Gary O’Driscoll, we heard about the role of screening in professional sport, and how it ties in with player medicals, which is further elaborated on in this podcast. Other topics that are touched upon include the role of technology in predicting injury, the pressure of the jobs, and some tips for anyone working in football medicine/hoping to do so one day!
This podcast is bound to generate some deal of controversy, and if you’re looking for a platform to voice your opinion, you shouldn’t miss the Arsenal SEMS conference, with insights from the likes of Professor Roald Bahr, Adam Meakins, and Des Ryan amongst other influential names. The link to the event can be found at http://www.arsenal.com/semsconference - it’s bound to be one of the most insightful conferences of 2017!
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